This document compiles common methods for assessing the effectiveness of vehicle
safety systems. This covers active, passive and integrated safety systems including
crash avoidance systems.
The effectiveness in this context refers to the capability of a safety system or feature to
avoid or mitigate injuries, fatalities or crashes.
The document covers both prospective and retrospective methodologies. Applicability,
advantages, limitations, accuracy, and sensitivity are described for each method.
Requirements are presented for necessary input and output data and format.